What is Django?
Django is a high-level Python web framework that enables rapid development of secure and maintainable websites. Built by experienced developers, it takes care of much of the hassle of web development, so you can focus on writing your app without needing to reinvent the wheel. It’s free and open source.
Key Features of Django
- Object-Relational Mapping (ORM): This feature allows developers to interact with their database, like you would with SQL. In other words, it’s a way to create, retrieve, update and delete records from your database directly from Python.
- Middleware: Middleware are components that process request and responses before they reach the view or leave the server. They allow code to be executed for each request/response globally.
- Authentication: Django comes with a built-in user registration system which handles user accounts, groups, permissions and cookie-based user sessions.
- Admin Interface: Django includes a ready-to-use admin interface which can be used straight out of the box, saving developers a significant amount of time.
- Templating: Django has its own templating engine to define the structure of different web pages to avoid repetition.
Why Choose Django For Web Development?
Django follows the DRY (Don’t Repeat Yourself) principle which means you can reuse existing code and focus on the new parts. It is also built on Python which is easy to learn, write, and read. Django has its own naming system for all functions and components (“Explicit is better than implicit” philosophy), so it’s easy for someone new to pick up and understand the code quickly. It has a built-in admin interface which makes it very easy to work with databases. Django also takes security seriously and helps developers avoid many common security mistakes.
How to Get Started with Django?
To get started with Django, you will need to have a basic understanding of Python. Once you’ve got that down, you can install Django on your system using pip – a package manager for Python. Django’s official website has a detailed tutorial that walks you through the creation of a simple poll application. There are also numerous other resources online, like YouTube tutorials and blog tutorials, where you can learn Django.
Overall, Django is a powerful tool for web development. It’s loaded with extras that can help you handle common web development tasks. Django takes care of user authentication, content administration, site maps, RSS feeds, and many more tasks — right out of the box. So if you’re planning to develop a website, Django could be a great choice.