What is Dropshipping?

Dropshipping is an online business model where the store owner doesn’t have to keep the products stocked. Instead, when a customer purchases a product, the store owner buys the item from a third party and has it shipped directly to the customer. The store owner never sees or handles the product, hence reducing the risk and initial cost of starting an online store.

Key Components of Dropshipping

Understanding the key components of dropshipping is essential to its successful implementation. These components include:

  • Supplier: This is the company or individual that creates and stores the products. They ship products on behalf of the store owner.
  • Retailer: This is the business or individual that sells the product. They are responsible for marketing and selling the product but don’t handle or store it.
  • Customer: This is the individual who purchases the product from the retailer’s website. They have no interaction with the supplier.

Benefits of Dropshipping

Dropshipping has several benefits that make it an attractive business model for beginners and experienced entrepreneurs alike. These include:

  • Low Start-Up Costs: Since you don’t need to invest in inventory or manage a warehouse, your start-up costs are minimal.
  • Easy to Start: With dropshipping, you don’t have to worry about handling physical products, managing a warehouse, packing, and shipping, tracking inventory, handling returns, and inbound shipments.
  • Flexible Location: A dropshipping business can be run from just about anywhere with an internet connection.

Challenges of Dropshipping

While dropshipping has its advantages, it also comes with its own set of challenges. These include:

  • Low Margins: Because dropshipping is easy to start and the overhead costs are so low, many merchants will set up shop and sell items at rock-bottom prices in an attempt to grow revenue. They’ve invested so little, so they can afford to operate on minuscule margins.
  • Inventory Issues: If you stock all your own items, it’s relatively simple to keep track of which items are in and out of stock. But when you’re sourcing from multiple warehouses, inventory changes on a daily basis.
  • Shipping Complexities: If you work with multiple suppliers—as most drop shippers do—the products on your site will be sourced through a number of different drop shippers. This complicates your shipping costs.


Dropshipping is a popular business model for new entrepreneurs, especially gen Zers and millennials, due to internet marketing skills far outweighing financial capacity. Being successful with dropshipping requires a lot of commitment and a focus on customer service. However, it is not perfect, and it does come with its own set of challenges. But if you approach it the right way, dropshipping can be a pathway to running a successful online business.

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