What is Source Control Management?
Source Control Management (SCM) is a system used in software development to track and manage changes to code. It is also referred to as version control or revision control. SCM systems provide a running history of code development and help to resolve conflicts when merging contributions from multiple sources.
Why is Source Control Management important?
For website designers, developers and administrators, Source Control Management holds significant importance for several reasons:
- Collaboration: SCM allows multiple developers to work on the same project without overwriting each other’s changes.
- Versioning: It provides the ability to revert back to a previous version of your code, which is extremely useful in case of a mistake or bug.
- Backup: SCM systems provide an extra layer of backup for your code. Even if your local files are lost, you can retrieve the code from the SCM.
- Traceability: It gives you the ability to trace changes back to their source, providing a clear history of what was changed, who changed it, and why.
Popular Source Control Management Tools
There are several SCM tools available, each with their own features and benefits. Some of the most popular ones are:
- Git: Git is a free, open-source distributed SCM tool designed to handle everything from small to very large projects with speed and efficiency.
- Subversion (SVN): SVN is a centralized version control system that allows you to track changes to files and directories.
- Mercurial: Mercurial is a free, distributed source control management tool. It efficiently handles projects of any size and offers an easy and intuitive interface.
Choosing the Right Source Control Management Tool
Choosing the right SCM tool depends on your specific needs. You should consider factors such as ease of use, community support, integration with other tools, and the specific features you need for your project.
In conclusion, Source Control Management is an essential tool for any web development project. It helps manage changes, facilitates collaboration, and provides a safety net in case of errors. Therefore, understanding and utilizing SCM is a must for all website designers, developers and administrators.